BioInfo (UK)

HYMENOPTERA (bees, wasps, ants, sawflies and parasitoid wasps, ants, bees and wasps)

BioImages BioImages (www.bioimages.org.uk) has 3609 images of HYMENOPTERA (bees, wasps, ants, sawflies and parasitoid wasps, ants, bees and wasps)

NBN NBN (data.nbn.org.uk) has the UK distribution map of HYMENOPTERA (bees, wasps, ants, sawflies and parasitoid wasps, ants, bees and wasps)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Order)

Taxon Rank #subtaxa #refs #webs
APOCRITA (bees, wasps, ants and parasitoids) Suborder 931 subtaxa 612 2047
SYMPHYTA (sawflies) Suborder 445 subtaxa 64 1072

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Atlas Hymenoptera: http://zoologie.umh.ac.be/hymenoptera/galerie/ExploreDB.aspx Atlas Hymenoptera
Sauer, F., 1985 Bienen, Wespen und Verwandte
Williams, R. British Hymenoptera, Glossary for use with identification keys
Zahradík, J. & Severa, F. (illust.), 1991 A Field Guide in Colour to Bees and wasps

Dung

Skidmore, P., 1991 Insects of the British Cow-Dung Community

Family keys

Gauld, I. & Bolton, B. (eds), 1988 The Hymenoptera
Goulet, H & Huber, J.T., eds, 1993 Hymenoptera of the world: an identification guide to families
Richards, O.W., 1956 Hymenoptera: Introduction and Keys to Families (ed 1)
Richards, O.W., 1977 Hymenoptera: Introduction and Keys to Families (ed 2)

on docks

Salt, D.T. & Whittaker, J.B., 1998 Insects on dock plants

Plant galls

Redfern, M. & Shirley, P., 2002 British Plant Galls - Identification of galls on plants and fungi
Redfern, M. & Shirley, P., 2011 British Plant Galls
Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986 Provisional Keys to British Plant Galls

General Works

BWARS (Bees, Wasps and Ants Recording Society) discussion group: http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/bwars/join BWARS (Bees, Wasps and Ants Recording Society) discussion group
Betts, C. (ed.), 1986 The Hymenopterist's Handbook
Hymenoptera Glossary: http://hymglossary.tamu.edu/projects/32/public/ontology Hymenoptera Glossary
Gauld, I. & Bolton, B. (eds), 1988 The Hymenoptera
Micropics: http://micropics.org.uk/index.htm Micropics
Step, E., 1932 Bees, Wasps, Ants and Allied Insects of the British Isles

Dead wood

Alexander, K.N.A., 2002 The Invertebrates of Living and Decaying Timber in Britain and Ireland - a Provisional Annotated Checklist

Journals

Journal of Hymenoptera Research Journal

Suppliers

Polybags Ltd: http://www.polybags.co.uk Polybags Ltd

HYMENOPTERA may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
ANIMALIA
(animals)
EUMETAZOA
(metazoans)
ARTHROPODA
(arthropods)
HEXAPODA
(insects and other 6-legged organisms)
INSECTA
(true insects)
PTERYGOTA
(bees, beetles, dragonflies, flies, grasshoppers, moths and other winged insects)
Invertebrates (via Arthropoda)

Feeding and other inter-species relationships

HYMENOPTERA is associated with:

Phallus hadriani - Sand Stinkhorn, Dune Stinkhorn (Phallales: Phallaceae) feeds on spore mass of fruitbody UK/Ireland Shaw, D.E. & Roberts, P., 2002
adult Coeloglossum viride - Frog Orchid (Asparagales: Orchidaceae) adult pollinates or fertilises flower Harrap, A. & S., 2009 [small wasps]

There may be more taxa associated with Hymenoptera listed at higher taxonomic level

INSECTA
(true insects)

Associated with HYMENOPTERA:

is parasitoid host of solitary (usually) stroma Cordyceps sphecocephala - an ascomycete (Hypocreales: Cordycipitaceae) Dennis, R.W.G., 1978
adult adult is predated by leaf Pinguicula vulgaris - Common Butterwort (Lamiales: Lentibulariaceae) Major Darwin, C., 1875 [minute spp. (page 370)]

Hymenoptera may be associated with more taxa listed at higher taxonomic level

ANIMALIA
(animals)
ARTHROPODA
(arthropods)
INSECTA
(true insects)
Invertebrates (via Arthropoda)

References

Darwin, C., 1875 Insectivorous Plants
Dennis, R.W.G., 1978 British Ascomycetes
Harrap, A. & S., 2009 Orchids of Britain & Ireland: a field and site guide
Shaw, D.E. & Roberts, P., 2002 Bees and Phalloid Exudate
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