BioInfo (UK)

(Hyphomycetes) (moulds)

BioImages BioImages (www.bioimages.org.uk) has 920 images of (Hyphomycetes) (moulds)

NBN NBN (data.nbn.org.uk) has the UK distribution map of (Hyphomycetes) (moulds)

FRDBI FRDBI (www.fieldmycology.net/gbchklst/gbchklst.asp) has the UK and Ireland records of (Hyphomycetes) (moulds)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Informal)

Taxon Rank #subtaxa #refs #webs
Cordana Preuss (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 2 subtaxa    
Cordana crassa Tóth (a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     1
Cordana pauciseptata Preuss (a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     4
Dendrospora Ingold (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 6 subtaxa 8  
Cercosporella Sacc. (a genus of anamorphic ascomycetes) Form genus 7 subtaxa 2 23
Ramularia Unger (a genus of plant-pathogenic anamorphic hyphomycetes) Form genus 96 subtaxa 12 499
Anguillospora Ingold (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 2 subtaxa    
Anguillospora filiformis Greath. (a fungus) Species   1  
Anguillospora longissima (Sacc. & P. Syd.) Ingold (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   1  
Aposphaeria Berk. (a form genus of coelomycetes) Form genus 8 subtaxa   11
Dendryphion Wallr. (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 2 subtaxa    
Dendryphion comosum Wallr. (a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     8
Dendryphion nanum (Nees) S. Hughes (a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     5
Epicoccum Link (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 1 subtaxon    
Epicoccum nigrum Link (a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   4 8
Helicoön Morgan (a genus of aeroaquatic anamorphic fungi) Form genus 3 subtaxa 2 5
Phialophora Medlar (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 7 subtaxa 7 7
Paecilomyces Bainier (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 3 subtaxa 6 5
Flabellospora Alas., 1968 (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus   1  
Oidium Link (a genus of anamorphic powdery mildews) Form genus 6 subtaxa 2 93
Bloxamia Berk. & Broome (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 3 subtaxa    
Bloxamia bohemica Minter & Hol.-Jech. (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     1
Bloxamia leucophthalma (Lév.) Höhn. (a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   1 5
Bloxamia truncata Berk. & Broome (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     1
Tricladium Ingold (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 4 subtaxa 5 6
Pseudaegerita J.L. Crane & Schokn. (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 1 subtaxon    
Pseudaegerita viridis (Bayl. Ell.) Abdullah & J. Webster (an anamorph fungus) Anamorphic Species   1 3
Lemonniera De Wild. (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 3 subtaxa    
Lemonniera aquatica De Wild. (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   2  
Lemonniera centrosphaera Marvanová (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   1  
Lemonniera terrestris Tubaki (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   1  
Cristulariella Höhn. (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 1 subtaxon    
Cristulariella depraedans (Cooke) Höhn. (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   3 2
Tetracladium De Wild. (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 3 subtaxa    
Tetracladium marchalianum De Wild. (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   1  
Tetracladium maxilliforme (Rostr.) Ingold (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   1  
Tetracladium setigerum (Grove) Ingold (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   1  
Alatospora Ingold (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 1 subtaxon    
Alatospora acuminata Ingold (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   1  
Mastigosporium Riess (a genus of anamorphic ascomycetes causing grass leaf-spots) Form genus 6 subtaxa 3 21
Arthrobotrys Corda (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 11 subtaxa 10 34
Dactylella Grove (a genus of nematode parasitic fungi) Form genus 11 subtaxa 12 14
Monacrosporium Oudem. (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 4 subtaxa 5 6
Costantinella Matr. (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 2 subtaxa    
Costantinella micheneri (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) S. Hughes (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     8
Costantinella terrestris (Link) S. Hughes (a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     10
Chromelosporium Corda (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 3 subtaxa    
Chromelosporium carneum (Pers.) Hennebert (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     3
Chromelosporium ochraceum Corda (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     10
Chromelosporium terrestre (Fr.) M.B. Ellis (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   1  
Refractohilum D. Hawksw. (a genus of lichenicolous anamorphic fungi) Form genus 2 subtaxa    
Refractohilum achromaticum (B. Sutton) D. Hawksw. (a lichenicolous anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     1
Refractohilum galligenum D. Hawksw. (a lichenicolous anamorphic ascomycete) Anamorphic Species   1 1
Sclerococcum Fr. (a genus of lichenicolous anamorphic fungi) Form genus 2 subtaxa    
Sclerococcum simplex D. Hawksw. (a lichenicolous anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     2
Sclerococcum sphaerale (Ach.) Fr. (a lichenicolous dematiaceous anamorphic ascomycete) Anamorphic Species   2 3
Scolecobasidium E.V. Abbott (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 4 subtaxa 6 14
Chloridium Link (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 2 subtaxa 1 3
Chalara (Corda) Rabenh. (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 20 subtaxa 4 65
Acremonium Link (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 4 subtaxa 2 7
Dendrodochium Bonord. (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 2 subtaxa    
Dendrodochium citrinum Grove (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     9
Dendrodochium pinastri Paol. (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     2
Sesquicillium W. Gams (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 3 subtaxa 2 9
Neotyphodium Glenn., Baker & Hanlin (an anamorphic choke fungus) Form genus 1 subtaxon 5  
Beauveria Vuill. (a genus of anamorphic entomopathogenic fungi) Form genus 1 subtaxon 5 4
Gibellula Cavara (a genus of anamorphic entomopathogenic fungi) Form genus 2 subtaxa 2 1
Isaria Fr. (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 1 subtaxon 1 1
Cladobotryum Nees (a genus of anamorphic fungus) Form genus 1 subtaxon    
Cladobotryum mycophilum (Oudem.) W. Gams & Hooz. (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     1
Gliocladium Corda (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 2 subtaxa 1 10
Mycogone Link (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 2 subtaxa    
Mycogone perniciosa (Magnus) Delacr. (Mycogone Disease Of Mushrooms - causative organism) Anamorphic Species   1 4
Mycogone rosea Link (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   1 2
Illosporium Mart. (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 2 subtaxa 2 11
Cylindrocladium Morgan (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 3 subtaxa 5 3
Flagellospora Ingold (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 2 subtaxa    
Flagellospora curvula Ingold (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   2  
Flagellospora penicillioides Ingold (a fungus) Species   1  
Fusarium Link (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 24 subtaxa 24 77
Fusidium Link (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 1 subtaxon    
Fusidium griseum Ditmar (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     7
Volutella Fr. (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 3 subtaxa 1 20
Hirsutella Pat. (a genus of anamorphic entomopathogenic fungi) Form genus 5 subtaxa 2 5
Pseudomicrodochium B. Sutton (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 4 subtaxa 1 5
Stilbella Lindau (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 2 subtaxa 3 8
Trichothecium Link (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 1 subtaxon    
Trichothecium roseum (Pers.) Link (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     14
Verticillium Nees (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 11 subtaxa 7 31
Nodulisporium Preuss (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus 1 subtaxon    
Nodulisporium cecidiogenes Jørg. Koch (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   1 1

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Cooke, R.C. & Godfrey, B.E.S., 1964 A Key to the Nematode-Destroying Fungi
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1998 Microfungi on Miscellaneous Substrates: An Identification Handbook
Navi, S.S., Bandyopadhyay, R., Hall, A.J. & Bramel-Cox, P.J., 1999 A Pictorial Guide for the Identification of Mold Fungi on Sorghum Grain

Aero-aquatic fungi

Descals, E. et al, 1989 Aquatic Hyphomycetes
Ingold, C.T., 1942 Aquatic hyphomycetes of decaying Alder leaves
Ingold, C.T., 1965 Hyphomycete spores from mountain torrents
Ingold, C.T., 1967 Spores from Foam
Ingold, C.T., 1968 More spores from rivers and streams
Ingold, C.T., 1975 Guide to Aquatic Hyphomycetes
Ingold, C.T., 1979 Advances in the study of so-called aquatic hyphomycetes

Dung fungi

Seifert, K., Kendrick, B. & Murase, G., 1983 A key to Hyphomycetes on dung

Generic guides

Seifert, K., Morgan-Jones, G., Gams, W. & Kendrick, B.
, 2011
The Genera of Hyphomycetes

Lichenicolous fungi

Hawksworth, D.L., Atienza, V. & Coppins, B.J., in prep. Artifical Keys to the Lichenicolous Fungi of Great Britain, Ireland, the Channel Islands, Iberian Peninsula, and Canary Islands
Hawksworth, D.L., 1979 The Lichenicolous Hyphomycetes

Plant pathology

Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 Microfungi on Land Plants: An Identification Handbook
Moore, W.C., 1959 British Parasitic Fungi

General Works

anon., 1990 Developments in the taxonomy of anamorphic fungi
Wakefield, E.M. & Bisby, G.R., 1941 List of Hyphomycetes recorded for Britain
Wakefield, E.M. & Bisby, G.R., 1942 List of Hyphomycetes recorded for Britain: supplementary note
Willoughby, L.G., 2001 A new kind of aquatic fungus, with giant mycelial cells

Aero-aquatic fungi

Cai, L., Guo, X,Y, & Hyde, K.D., 2008 Morphological and molecular characterisation of a new anamorphic genus Cheirosporium, from freshwater in China
Descals, E., 2005 Diagnostic characters of propagules of Ingoldian fungi
Sanders, P.F. & Webster, J., 1980 Sporulation responses of some 'aquatic hyphomycetes' in flowing water
Shearer, C.A. & Webster, J., 1985 Aquatic hyphomycete communities in the River Teign I. Longitudinal distribution patterns
Shearer, C.A. & Webster, J., 1985 Aquatic hyphomycete communities in the River Teign. II. Temporal distribution patterns.
Shearer, C.A. & Webster, J., 1985 Aquatic hyphomycete communities in the River Teign. III. Comparison of sampling techniques.
Wood-Eggenschwiller S. & Barlocher, F., 1983 Aquatic hyphomycetes in sixteen streams in France, Germany and Switzerland

Journals

Studies in Mycology (Stud. Mycol.) Journal

Lichenicolous fungi

Hawksworth, D.L., 2003 The Lichenicolous Fungi of Great Britain and Ireland: an Overview and Annotated Checklist

(Hyphomycetes) may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
FUNGI S.S.
(true fungi)
Anamorphic fungi
(mitosporic fungi)
Fungi s.l.

Feeding and other inter-species relationships

(Hyphomycetes) is associated with:

There may be taxa associated with Hyphomycetes listed at higher taxonomic level

FUNGI S.S.
(true fungi)

Associated with (Hyphomycetes):

Hyphomycetes may be associated with taxa listed at higher taxonomic level

FUNGI S.S.
(true fungi)
Fungi s.l.

Further Information

Notes (MWS) Hyphomycetes are an unnatural (polyphyletic) group which is, basically, a dumping ground for those fungi of which the perfect (sexual) stage is unknown. Most are ascomycetes, but their reproduction is primarily by means of asexual spores (conidia). Under the right conditions many will produce fruiting bodies and their relationships can then be ascertained; often they turn out to be species which are already known.

The true identities of the hyphomycetes are slowly being ellucidated by culturing and, more recently, DNA analysis and the classification will eventually disappear. Nevertheless "hyphomycete" remains a useful descriptive term for the asexual states of ascomycetes.
Diagnostic features Mycology has been called "The Study of Spores" and nowhere is this more the case than in the Hyphomycetes. The range of spore (conidia) shapes is truly astonishing, although one perhaps needs to have previously spent a few years studying agarics to appreciate the diversity!

The conidiophores are also of diagnostic importance.
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