BioInfo (UK)

SYMPHYTA (sawflies)

BioImages BioImages (www.bioimages.org.uk) has 781 images of SYMPHYTA (sawflies)

NBN NBN (data.nbn.org.uk) has the UK distribution map of SYMPHYTA (sawflies)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Suborder)

Taxon Rank #subtaxa #refs #webs
CEPHOIDEA (a superfamily of sawflies) Superfamily 11 subtaxa 1 30
MEGALODONTOIDEA (a superfamily of sawflies) Superfamily 2 subtaxa 1 4
ORUSSOIDEA (a superfamily of sawflies) Superfamily 1 subtaxon 1 1
PAMPHILIOIDEA (a superfamily of sawflies) Superfamily 19 subtaxa   31
SIRICOIDEA (woodwasps) Superfamily 8 subtaxa 2 23
TENTHREDINOIDEA (a superfamily of sawflies) Superfamily 401 subtaxa 43 971
XYELOIDEA (a superfamily of sawflies) Superfamily 3 subtaxa 2 6

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Sawflies discussion group: http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/sawfly/join Sawflies discussion group
Benson, R.B., 1952 Hymenoptera: 2. Symphyta. Section (b)
Berland, L., 1947 Hyménoptères Tenthredoïdes
Cameron, P., 1882 A Monograph of the British Phytophagous Hymenoptera (Tenthredo, Sirex and Cynips, Linne.)
Sawfly Study Group Newsletter Journal
Sheppard, D.A., in prep. Introduction to Sawflies (Draft)
Wright, A., 1990 British Sawflies: a key to the adults of genera occurring in Britain

on cherry trees

Leather, S.R. & Bland, K.P., 1999 Insects on cherry trees

Plant galls

British Galls: http://uk.groups.yahoo.com/group/british_galls/join British Galls

General Works

Liston, A.D., Knight, G.T., Sheppard, D.A., Broad, G.R. & Livermore, L., 2014 Checklist of British and Irish Hymenoptera - Sawflies, ‘Symphyta’
ECatSym: Elektronischer Katalog der Symphyta (Insecta, Hymenoptera) der Welt.: http://www.zalf.de/home_zalf/institute/dei/php_e/ecatsym/index.html ECatSym: Elektronischer Katalog der Symphyta (Insecta, Hymenoptera) der Welt.

Journals

Leaf-miners
British Leafminers Journal

Leaf-miners

UK Leafminers discussion group: http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/ukleafminers/join UK Leafminers discussion group

Plant galls

British Plant Gall Society: http://www.british-galls.org.uk British Plant Gall Society

SYMPHYTA may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
ANIMALIA
(animals)
EUMETAZOA
(metazoans)
ARTHROPODA
(arthropods)
HEXAPODA
(insects and other 6-legged organisms)
INSECTA
(true insects)
PTERYGOTA
(bees, beetles, dragonflies, flies, grasshoppers, moths and other winged insects)
HYMENOPTERA
(bees, wasps, ants, sawflies and parasitoid wasps, ants, bees and wasps)
Invertebrates (via Arthropoda)

Feeding and other inter-species relationships

SYMPHYTA is associated with:

There may be taxa associated with Symphyta listed at higher taxonomic level

INSECTA
(true insects)
HYMENOPTERA
(bees, wasps, ants, sawflies and parasitoid wasps, ants, bees and wasps)

Associated with SYMPHYTA:

cocoon cocoon is endoparasitoid host of larva Cleptes nitidulus - a rubytail wasp (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae) UK/Ireland Macdonald, M.A., in prep.
larva larva is endoparasitoid host of larva Blondelia nigripes - a parasitoid fly (Diptera: Tachinidae) Foreign Belshaw, R., 1993
larva larva is endoparasitoid host of larva Compsilura concinnata - a parasitoid fly (Diptera: Tachinidae) Belshaw, R., 1993
larva larva is endoparasitoid host of larva Phryxe nemea - a parasitoid fly (Diptera: Tachinidae) Foreign Belshaw, R., 1993
larva larva may be infected by Conidiobolus tenthredinis - an entomophagous fungus (Entomophthorales: Ancylistaceae) Waterhouse, G.M. & Brady, B.L., 1982
pupa pupa is endoparasitoid host of larva Cleptes semiauratus - a rubytail wasp (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae) UK/Ireland Macdonald, M.A., in prep.

Symphyta may be associated with more taxa listed at higher taxonomic level

ANIMALIA
(animals)
ARTHROPODA
(arthropods)
INSECTA
(true insects)
HYMENOPTERA
(bees, wasps, ants, sawflies and parasitoid wasps, ants, bees and wasps)
Invertebrates (via Arthropoda)

Further Information

Lab. techniques The saw is often needed to confirm identification of female sawflies. As it becomes quite brittle when dry it is best everted when fresh.

This can be quite tricky. The specimen should be temporarily pinned on its back and the saw can then be rotated upwards by 90° from between the two valves of the saw sheath. A mounted micropin (perhaps with a hooked tip) and/or very fine forceps are needed. Once it pops out it can be encouraged to stay by gently pressing at the base (in the crook of the "elbow"). The specimen can then be pinned in the normal orientation and left to dry with the saw pressing gently against the plastazote.

References

Belshaw, R., 1993 Tachinid Flies (Diptera: Tachinidae)
Macdonald, M.A., in prep. Forage, prey and host-parasite relationships of aculeates
Waterhouse, G.M. & Brady, B.L., 1982 Key to the Species of Entomophthora sensu lato
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