BioInfo (UK)

TEPHRITIDAE (gall flies, greater fruit flies)

BioImages BioImages ( has 870 images of TEPHRITIDAE (gall flies, greater fruit flies)

NBN NBN ( has the UK distribution map of TEPHRITIDAE (gall flies, greater fruit flies)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Family)

Taxon Rank #subtaxa #refs #webs
Acanthiophilus helianthi (Rossi, 1794) (Knapweed Ghost) Species     21
Acidia cognata (Wiedemann, 1817) (Coltsfoot Fly) Species     5
Acinia corniculata (Zetterstedt, 1819) (Scarce Knapweed Fly) Species     2
Anomoia purmunda (Harris, [1780]) (Spectacled Berry Fly) Species     7
Campiglossa Rondani, 1870 (a genus of gall flies) Genus 9 subtaxa   27
Chaetorellia jaceae (Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830) (Lesser Golden Knapweed Fly) Species     3
Chaetorellia loricata (Rondani, 1870) (a gall fly) Species     1
Chaetostomella cylindrica (Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830) (a gall fly) Species     22
Cornutrypeta spinifrons (Schroeder, 1913) (Rhinoceros Fly) Species     2
Cryptaciura rotundiventris (Fallen, 1814) (Scarce Umbel Leaf-miner) Species     4
Dioxyna bidentis (Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830) (Bur-marigold Fly) Species     7
Dithryca guttularis (Meigen, 1826) (Mottled Yarrow Fly) Species     3
Ensina sonchi (Linnaeus, 1767) (Sow-thistle Fly) Species     23
Euleia heraclei (Linnaeus, 1758) (Common Umbel Leaf-miner, Celery Fly, Celery Leaf Miner) Species     32
Euphranta toxoneura (Loew, 1846) (Willow Sawfly Tephritid) Species   1 12
Goniglossum wiedemanni (Meigen, 1826) (Banded Bryony-fly, White Bryony Berry-fly) Species     1
Merzomyia westermanni (Meigen, 1826) (Swiss Cheese Tephritid) Species     2
Myopites apicata Species   1 1
Myopites eximius Seguy, 1932 (Golden Samphire Gall-fly) Species     1
Myopites inulaedyssentericae Blot, 1827 (Fleabane Gall-fly) Species   1 5
Noeeta pupillata (Fallen, 1814) (Eyed Hawkweed Fly) Species     9
Orellia falcata (Scopoli, 1763) (Goatsbeard Fly) Species     2
Oxyna flavipennis (Loew, 1844) (Clouded Yarrow Fly) Species     4
Oxyna nebulosa (Wiedemann, 1817) (Clouded Daisy Fly) Species     1
Oxyna parietina (Linnaeus, 1758) (Clouded Wormwood Fly) Species     3
Philophylla caesio (Harris, [1780]) (Banded Nettle Fly) Species     2
Platyparea discoidea (Fabricius, 1787) (Banded Bellflower Fly) Species   1 1
Plioreocepta poeciloptera (Schrank, 1776) (Asparagus Fly) Species     1
Rhagoletis alternata (Fallen, 1814) (Rose Hip Fly) Species     5
Rhagoletis cerasi (Linnaeus, 1758) (a gall fly) Species     4
Rhagoletis meigenii (Loew, 1844) (a gall fly) Species     1
Sphenella marginata (Fallen, 1814) (Ragwort Fly) Species     8
Stemonocera cornuta (Scopoli, 1772) (Scarce Hemp Agrimony Fly) Species     3
Tephritis Latreille, 1804 (a genus of gall flies) Genus 12 subtaxa 4 39
Terellia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 (a genus of gall flies) Genus 10 subtaxa 5 35
Trupanea amoena (von Frauenfeld, 1857) (a gall fly) Species     15
Trupanea stellata (Fuessly, 1775) (Star-winged Ragwort Fly) Species     31
Trypeta artemisiae (Fabricius, 1794) (Mugwort Leaf-miner) Species     12
Trypeta immaculata (Macquart, 1835) (Dandelion Leaf-miner) Species     9
Trypeta zoe Meigen, 1826 (Hemp Agrimony Leafminer) Species     26
Urophora Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 (a genus of gall flies) Genus 7 subtaxa 3 50
Xyphosia miliaria (Schrank, 1781) (Mottled Thistle Fly) Species   1 8

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Clemons, L., 1998 A Field Guide to Identifying British Tephritids
Hendel, F., 1927 Die Fliegen der Palaearktischen Region: vol 49 Trypetidae
White, I.M., 1988 Tephritid Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae)


British Leafminers: British Leafminers
The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects: The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

Plant galls

British Galls: British Galls
Redfern, M. & Shirley, P., 2011 British Plant Galls

General Works

Clemons, L., 2003 Provisional Atlas of the Tephritidae (Diptera) of Britain and Ireland
Clemons, L., 2008 Updated distribution maps of the Tephritidae (diptera) of Britain and Ireland

Host plants

Clemons, L., in prep. Tephritidae host plants


Tephritidae Recording Scheme Newsletter Journal

Plant galls

British Plant Gall Society: British Plant Gall Society

TEPHRITIDAE may also be covered by literature listed under:

(living things)
(insects and other 6-legged organisms)
(true insects)
(bees, beetles, dragonflies, flies, grasshoppers, moths and other winged insects)
(two-winged flies)
(short-horned flies)
(hover, scuttle, acalypterate, dung, house & parasitoid flies, blue/green bottles)
(acalypterate flies)
Invertebrates (via Arthropoda)

Feeding and other inter-species relationships

TEPHRITIDAE is associated with:

There may be taxa associated with Tephritidae listed at higher taxonomic level

(true insects)
(two-winged flies)

Associated with TEPHRITIDAE:

Tephritidae may be associated with taxa listed at higher taxonomic level

(true insects)
(two-winged flies)
(hover, scuttle, acalypterate, dung, house & parasitoid flies, blue/green bottles)
Invertebrates (via Arthropoda)

Further Information

Notes (MWS) Most of these small flies have well-marked (picture) wings. Some species are very common on or near their host plants in high summer. A few (Tephritis spp) hibernate as adults and can be found by searching grass tussocks etc during the winter.

Although the family is called "Gall Flies", only a minority of species have larvae which actually cause galls. The rest are internal feeders in fruits, stems or leaves.
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