BioInfo (UK)

Taylor, A.S. & Alexander, I., 2005

The ectomycorrhizal symbiosis: life in the real world

Ectomycorrhiza involve c. 7-10,000 species of fungi and c. 8,000 species of plants, including the dominant components of many woodland and forest ecosystems.

Between 3 and 14 million root tips or 1800km of hyphae are required to build a single Cep.

The root tip fungal mantle is the likely storage area for N and P required to build sporocarps.

Defenses, eg cystidia, on the mantle surface are discussed.

Journal Mycologist
Volume Vol 19 (3)
Page range 102-112
Comments and Corrigenda Vol 20, Page 14 contains an erratum on page 106 "by the same line of reasoning, the confirmation that Pakaraimaea, the S. American genus, is also ectomycorrhizal, (B. Moyersoen, unpublished data) sets the ECM origin back to 130 million years ago."
Illustrations Colour photographs and line drawings.

Malcolm Storey

Taxonomic Scope

FUNGI S.S. (true fungi) Background Reading Current
Hymenoscyphus ericae (D.J. Read) Korf & Kernan (a discomycete) Background Reading Current
Tuber F.H. Wigg. (a genus of truffles) Background Reading Current
Amanita Pers. (grisettes and amanitas) Background Reading Current
Cortinarius (Pers.) Gray (webcap toadstools) Background Reading Current Hydrophobic mantle.
Laccaria Berk. & Broome (deceiver toadstools) Background Reading Current
Hebeloma (Fr.) P. Kumm. (poisonpie toadstools) Background Reading Current
Boletus L. (a genus of boletes) Background Reading Current (Xerocomus).
Boletus edulis Bull. (Penny Bun, Cep) Background Reading Current
Paxillus Fr. (mycorrhizal rollrims) Background Reading Current
Pisolithus capsulifer (Sowerby) Watling, Phosri & M.P. Martín (Dyeball) Background Reading Current
Suillus Gray (a genus of boletes) Background Reading Current
Lactarius Pers. (milkcap toadstools) Background Reading Current Hydrophilic mantle.
Russula Pers. (brittlegill toadstools, russulas) Background Reading Current Hydrophilic mantle.
Sebacina Tul. (a genus of jelly fungi) Background Reading Current
Endogone Link (a genus of pea truffles) Background Reading Current
TRACHEOPHYTA (vascular plants) Background Reading Current
Polygonum L. (knotgrass) Background Reading Current Herbaceous species.
Arbutus unedo L. (Strawberry-tree) Background Reading Current
Arctostaphylos alpinus (L.) Spreng. (Mountain Bearberry, Alpine Bearberry) Background Reading Current
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. (Bearberry) Background Reading Current
Vaccinium myrtillus L. (Bilberry) Background Reading Current
BETULACEAE (birches, hazels, hornbeams and alders) Background Reading Current
FAGACEAE (forest trees) Background Reading Current
SALICACEAE (poplars and willows) Background Reading Current
Eucalyptus L'Hér. (gums, gumtrees) Background Reading Current
Dryas octopetala L. (Mountain Avens) Background Reading Current
(Ectomycorrhizal broadleaved trees and shrubs) (ectomycorrhizal or ectotrophic mycorrhizal broadleaved trees and shrubs) Background Reading Current
Carex flacca Schreb. (Glaucous Sedge) Background Reading Current
Carex pilulifera L. (Pill Sedge) Background Reading Current
Kobresia simpliciuscula (Wahlenb.) Mack. (False Sedge) Background Reading Current
PINACEAE (pines, firs, spruces, cedars, larches) Background Reading Current
Pinus sylvestris L. (Scots Pine) Background Reading Current
JUNGERMANNIOPSIDA (a class of liverworts) Background Reading Current
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