BioInfo (UK)

Aculeata (aculeates: bees, wasps and ants)

Further Information

Lab. techniques Aculeates are a difficult group to identitify, even from specimens, but these are usually needed for certain identification, at least until you're reasonably expert with the group.

Specimens should be set with the legs pulled down away from the body to facilitate examination of the sides of the thorax. Try to ensure the leading edges of the hindwings are hooked onto the trailing edges of the forewings, as they are in life. The wings can be left in the vertical position, or positioned so they are flat, but should not be allowed to obscure the upper surface of the abdomen. Ideally, the jaws held open as the number of teeth is often important.

BioImages BioImages (www.bioimages.org.uk) has 950 images of Aculeata (aculeates: bees, wasps and ants)

Subtaxa

Rank Taxon #subtaxa #refs #webs
Superfamily APOIDEA (solitary and hive bees) 50 72 410
Superfamily CHRYSIDOIDEA (a superfamily of solitary wasps) 13 23 93
Superfamily FORMICOIDEA (ants) 21 48 191
Superfamily POMPILOIDEA (spider-hunting wasps) 3 5 26
Superfamily SPHECOIDEA (a superfamily of solitary wasps) 12 9 139
Superfamily VESPOIDEA (wasps) 10 44 74

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

BWARS: Species Accounts: http://www.bwars.com/index.php?q=species_gallery BWARS: Species Accounts
BWARS: Species accounts: http://www.bwars.com/index.php?q=species_gallery BWARS: Species accounts
Photos of Insects: http://www.gwydir.demon.co.uk/insects/index.htm Photos of Insects
Saunders, E., 1896 The Hymenoptera Aculeata of the British Islands
Willmer, P., 1985 Bees, Ants and Wasps: A key to genera of the British Aculeates
Cercle de Mycologie de Mons (Belgique): (Page perso de JJ. Wuilbaut): http://users.skynet.be/jjw.myco.mons Cercle de Mycologie de Mons (Belgique): (Page perso de JJ. Wuilbaut)

Regional guides

Baldock, D.W., 2008 Bees of Surrey

General Works

BWARS (Bees, Wasps and Ants Recording Society) discussion group: http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/bwars/join BWARS (Bees, Wasps and Ants Recording Society) discussion group
anon. BWARS members handbook
BWARS: Bees, Wasps & Ants Recording Society: http://www.bwars.com/ BWARS: Bees, Wasps & Ants Recording Society
Archer, M.E., 2001 British solitary wasps and bees with special reference to species assemblages
Dean, R., 2010 Information Sheet 13: Bee Hotels
Edwards, R. & Broad, G., 2005 Provisional atlas of the aculeate Hymenoptera of Britain & Ireland, Part 5
Edwards, R. & Broad, G., 2006 Provisional atlas of the aculeate Hymenoptera of Britain & Ireland, Part 6
Edwards, R. & Telfer, M., 2001 Provisional atlas of the aculeate Hymenoptera of Britain & Ireland, Part 3
Edwards, R. & Telfer, M., 2002 Provisional atlas of the aculeate Hymenoptera of Britain & Ireland, Part 4
Edwards, R., 1997 Provisional atlas of the aculeate Hymenoptera of Britain & Ireland, Part 1
Edwards, R., 1998 Provisional atlas of the aculeate Hymenoptera of Britain & Ireland, Part 2
Falk, S., 1991 A review of the scarce and threatened bees, wasps and ants of Great Britain
A glossary of Surface Sculpturing: http://antbase.org/ants/publications/harris1979.html (Microsculpture guide) A glossary of Surface Sculpturing
Macdonald, M.A., in prep. Forage, prey and host-parasite relationships of aculeates
Pavett, P.M., 2005 The aculeate hymenoptera of Horton National Nature Reserve, Gower, West Wales

Journals

Sphecos Journal

National Quality Scoring System

Archer, M.E., 1995 Aculeate wasps and bees (Hymenoptera: Aculeata) of Blaxton Common in Watsonian Yorkshire with the introduction of a new National Quality Scoring System.

Newsletters

BWARS Newsletter Journal

Aculeata may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
ANIMALIA
(animals)
EUMETAZOA
(metazoans)
ARTHROPODA
(arthropods)
HEXAPODA
(hexapods)
INSECTA
(insects)
HYMENOPTERA
(bees, wasps, ants, sawflies and parasitoid wasps)
Invertebrates (via Arthropoda)

Feeding and other inter-species relationships

Aculeata is associated with:

There may be taxa associated with Aculeata listed at higher taxonomic level

INSECTA
(insects)
HYMENOPTERA
(bees, wasps, ants, sawflies and parasitoid wasps)

Associated with Aculeata:

food store food store is kleptoparasitised by larva Omalus puncticollis - a rubytail wasp (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae) UK/Ireland Macdonald, M.A., in prep.
food store food store is kleptoparasitised by larva Pseudomalus auratus - a rubytail wasp (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae) UK/Ireland Macdonald, M.A., in prep.
food store food store is kleptoparasitised by larva Smicromyrne rufipes - Small Velvet Ant (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) UK/Ireland Macdonald, M.A., in prep.
larva larva is ectoparasitoid host of larva Chrysis gracillima - a rubytail wasp (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae) UK/Ireland Macdonald, M.A., in prep. [small aculeates]
nest nest is kleptoparasitised by larva Miltogramma germari - a flesh fly (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) Restricted van Emden, F.I.,, 1954
nest nest is kleptoparasitised by larva Miltogramma punctatum - a flesh fly (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) Restricted van Emden, F.I.,, 1954
nest nest is parasitised by Trichrysis cyanea - a rubytail wasp (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae) UK/Ireland Macdonald, M.A., in prep.
nest nest is parasitised by Myrmosa atra - Black Headed Velvet Ant (Hymenoptera: Tiphiidae) UK/Ireland Macdonald, M.A., in prep.

Aculeata may be associated with more taxa listed at higher taxonomic level

ANIMALIA
(animals)
ARTHROPODA
(arthropods)
INSECTA
(insects)
HYMENOPTERA
(bees, wasps, ants, sawflies and parasitoid wasps)
Invertebrates (via Arthropoda)

References

Macdonald, M.A., in prep. Forage, prey and host-parasite relationships of aculeates
van Emden, F.I.,, 1954 Diptera: Cyclorrhapha Calyptrata (I) Sect (a) Tachinidae and Calliphoridae
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