BioInfo (UK)

Redfern, M. & Shirley, P., 2002

British Plant Galls - Identification of galls on plants and fungi

This guide replaces the earlier (1986) work by Fred Stubbs, and my, how it's grown!

The present work covers British galls on green plants and fungi. It is divided into 5 sections by gall-causer:

A. Bacteria, phytoplasmas and viruses
B. Fungi
C. Plants
D. Nematodes
E. Arthropods (insects and mites).

The last section is by far the largest and covers all known British species. (If you have no idea of the gall causer, you'll have to look it up in each section, but this will rarely be the case.) Some of the other sections are less complete.

Each section is arranged alphabetically by host genus. A few plant families (Apiaceae, Brassicaceae, Poaceae) are not subdivided in some sections, but when this is the case, the relevant genera are cross-referenced. Fungi are similarly undivided and only their insect galls are included.

For each genus/family there is a dichotomous key to the galls affecting that host. Sometimes this is subdivided into several keys depending on the part of the host that is affected. Most of the galls are illustrated with line-drawings, and the standard drawings of the gall-causers are also shown where relevant to identification.

The list of abbreviations is on p482.

Publisher Field Studies Council (FSC)
Pages 325
Comments and Corrigenda There is a 4-page "additions and corrections" insert.
Coverage Most of the galls known from the British Isles at the time, except Bacteria etc and Nematodes where only representative examples are given.
Illustrations Line drawings accompany the text plus 8 colour plates of not very good printing near the back.
Identify With x8 or x10 hand lens (also useful to examine under a Stereo Microscope).
Specimen Prep. Many need to be cut in half and the larvae examined, a few require rearing or microscopy.

Malcolm Storey

Taxonomic Scope

BIOTA (living things) Identification Superseded
Bacteria (bacteria, mitochondria, blue-green algae) Identification Superseded
Acari (mites) Identification Superseded
DIPTERA (two-winged flies) Identification Superseded
HYMENOPTERA (ants, bees and wasps, sawflies and parasitoid wasps) Identification Superseded
LEPIDOPTERA (butterflies and moths) Identification Superseded
HEMIPTERA (bugs) Identification Superseded
NEMATODA (roundworms, eelworms or nematodes) Identification Superseded
OOMYCOTA Arx (a group of mainly plant-parasitic fungi) Identification Superseded
FUNGI Whittaker (true fungi) Identification Superseded
FUNGI Whittaker (true fungi) Identification Current
VIRUSES (viruses) Identification Superseded
TRACHEOPHYTA (vascular plants) Background Reading Superseded
Creative Commons Licence
Unless otherwise expressly stated, all original material on the BioInfo website by Malcolm Storey is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Licence.