BioInfo (UK)

NEMATODA (roundworms, eelworms or nematodes)

BioImages BioImages (www.bioimages.org.uk) has 25 images of NEMATODA (roundworms, eelworms or nematodes)

NBN NBN (data.nbn.org.uk) has the UK distribution map of NEMATODA (roundworms, eelworms or nematodes)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Phylum)

Taxon Rank #subtaxa #refs #webs
ADENOPHOREA (a class of roundworms) Class 4 subtaxa 5 11
Angusticaecum holopterum (Rudolphi) (a nematode) Species     1
Aspiculuris tetraptera (Nitzsch) (a nematode) Species     2
Atractis dactyluris Rudolphi (a nematode) Species     2
Camallanus kaapstaadi Southwell & Kirshner (a nematode) Species     3
Camallanus lacustris (Zoega) (a roundworm) Species     2
Capillaria hepatica (a roundworm) Species     6
Capillaria muris sylvatici (Whipworm) Subspecies     2
CHROMADOREA (a class of roundworms) Class 1 subtaxon    
SPIRURIDA Chitwood, 1933 (an order of nematode worms) Order 1 subtaxon    
THELAZIIDAE (a family of nematode worms) Family 1 subtaxon    
Thelazia callipaeda Railliet and Henry, 1910 (Oriental Eyeworm) Species     6
Cystidicola farionis Fischer (a nematode) Species     2
Cystidicoloides tenuissima (a roundworm) Species     1
Enterobius vermiculatus (L.) (Pinworm) Species     2
Graphidium strigosum (Dujardin) (a nematode) Species     2
Hammerschmidtiella diesingi (Hammerschmidt) (a nematode) Species     3
Heterorhabditis megidis (an eelworm) Species     2
Hexameris albicans (a mermithid nematode) Species     1
Leidynema appendiculata (Leidy) (a nematode) Species     2
Longistriata (a genus of nematodes) Genus     6
MERMITHIDA (an order of nematode worms) Order 1 subtaxon 1 4
OXYUROIDEA (a class of nematodes) Class 2 subtaxa    
Aplectana (a genus of nematodes) Genus 1 subtaxon   4
Cosmocerca (a genus of nematodes) Genus     2
Parasitylenchus coccinellinae (a nematode) Species     2
Passalurus ambiguus (Rudolphi) (a nematode) Species     2
Porrocaecum talpae (a nematode worm) Species     1
Procamallanus xenopodis Baylis (a nematode) Species     3
Proleptus obtusus Dujardin (a nematode) Species     4
RHABDIASOIDEA (a class of nematodes) Class 1 subtaxon    
Rhabdias bufonis (Schrank) (a nematode) Species     6
RHABDITOIDEA (a class of roundworms) Class     1
SECERNENTEA (CLASS) (a class of roundworms) Class 22 subtaxa 10 174
Sphaerularia bombi Dufour (Bumblebee Roundworm) Species     5
Steinernema carpocapsae (an eelworm) Species     4
Steinernema feltiae (an eelworm) Species     1
STRONGYLOIDEA (a class of roundworms) Class 1 subtaxon    
Syngamus trachea (Gapeworm) Species     2
Syphacia (a genus of nematodes) Genus 2 subtaxa   17
Tachygonetria (a genus of nematodes) Genus     2
Toxascaris leonina (an arrow-worm) Species     12
Toxocara canis (an arrow-worm, Toxocara blindness in humans (causative organism)) Species     20
Toxocara cati (an arrow-worm) Species     20
TRICHOSTRONGYLOIDEA (a class of nematodes) Class 3 subtaxa    
Nematospiroides dubius (Baylis) (a nematode) Species     12
Oswaldocruzia filiformis (Goeze) (a nematode) Species     2
Trichostrongylus retortaeformis (Zeder) (a nematode) Species     3

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Tarjan, A.C., Esser, R.P. & Chang, S.L., 1977 An Illustrated Key to Nematodes Found in Fresh Water
Interactive Diagnostic Key to Plant Parasitic, Freeliving and Predaceous Nematodes: http://nematode.unl.edu/key/nemakey.htm Interactive Diagnostic Key to Plant Parasitic, Freeliving and Predaceous Nematodes

Free-living

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. & Sankey, J., 1961 Land Invertebrates, a guide to British worms, molluscs and arthropods, excluding insects
Goodey, T., 1963 Soil and Freshwater Nematodes
Warwick, R.M., Platt, H.M. & Somerfield, P.J., 1998 Free Living British Nematodes, Part 3: Monohysterids
Marine
Platt, H.M. & Warwick, R.M., 1983 Free Living Marine Nematodes Part I: British Enoplids
Platt, H.M. & Warwick, R.M., 1988 Free Living Marine Nematodes Part II British Chromadorids

Freshwater

European Limnofauna: http://wbd.etibioinformatics.nl/bis/limno.php European Limnofauna

Parasites

Key to the parasites of British freshwater fish: http://new.freshwaterlife.org/web/guest/parasite-key Key to the parasites of British freshwater fish
Avery, R.A., 1974 (parasites of selected hosts) Identification of Animal Parasites

Plant galls

Darlington, A., 1968 A Pocket Encyclopedia of Plant Galls in colour
Redfern, M. & Shirley, P., 2002 British Plant Galls - Identification of galls on plants and fungi
Redfern, M. & Shirley, P., 2011 British Plant Galls
Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986 Provisional Keys to British Plant Galls

Plant parasites

Anderson, R.V. & Mulvey, R.H., 1979 Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Canada
Southey, J.F. (ed), 1965 Plant Nematology

General Works

Free-living

Yeates, G.W., Bongers, T., de Goede, R.G.M., Freckman, D.W. & Geogieva, S.S., 1993 Feeding habits in soil nematode families and genera-an outline for soil ecologists

Fungal predation

Duddington, C.L., 1951 (Finding nematode-trapping fungi) The Ecology of Predacious Fungi I: Preliminary survey.

Journals

Journal of Nematology Journal

Techniques

Wormwood - Extracting, fixing and mounting nematodes: http://www.nematodes.org/research/nematodes/fgn/worm/extrafix.html Wormwood - Extracting, fixing and mounting nematodes

NEMATODA may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
ANIMALIA
(animals)
EUMETAZOA
(metazoans)

Feeding and other inter-species relationships

Associated with NEMATODA:

(live) live is parasitised by Arthrobotrys anamorph Arthrobotrys flagrans - a nematophagous anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
dead is eaten by colony of Arthrobotrys anamorph Arthrobotrys cladodes - an anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
dead is eaten by colony of Arthrobotrys anamorph Arthrobotrys cladodes var. macroides - an anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
dead is eaten by colony of Arthrobotrys anamorph Arthrobotrys dactyloides - an anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
dead is eaten by colony of Arthrobotrys anamorph Arthrobotrys oligospora - a nematode-trapping anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
dead is eaten by Arthrobotrys anamorph Arthrobotrys robusta - an anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
dead is eaten by colony of Arthrobotrys anamorph Arthrobotrys scaphoides - an anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
dead is eaten by colony of Arthrobotrys anamorph Arthrobotrys superba - an anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
dead is eaten by internal mycelium of Dactylella anamorph Acrostalagmus obovatus - a nematode fungus (Hypocreales: Hypocreaceae) UK/Ireland Duddington, C.L., 1951b
is parasitised by Harposporium anguillulae UK/Ireland Duddington, C.L., 1946
is parasitised by Dactylella amorph Dactylella arnaudii - a nematophagous anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
is parasitised by Dactylella amorph Dactylella candida - a nematophagous anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
is parasitised by Dactylella anamorph Dactylella heptameres - a nematophagous anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
is parasitised by Rhizophydium vermicola - a chytrid (Rhizophydiales: Rhizophydiaceae) UK/Ireland Canter, H.M., 1953
is endoparasitoid host of internal mycelium of Paecilomyces anamorph Paecilomyces coccosporus - an anamorphic fungus (Eurotiales: Trichocomaceae) UK/Ireland Duddington, C.L., 1951b
is endoparasitoid host of internal mycelium of Harposporium anamorph Harposporium oxycoracum - a nematode-parasite fungus (Hypocreales: Clavicipitaceae) UK/Ireland Duddington, C.L., 1951b
is endoparasitoid host of internal mycelium of Cephalosporium anamorph Haptocillium balanoides - a nematode-parasite fungus (Hypocreales: Cordycipitaceae) UK/Ireland Duddington, C.L., 1951b
is endoparasitoid host of Haptocillium rhabdosporum - an anamorphic nematode parasitic fungus (Hypocreales: Ophiocordycipitaceae) Foreign Glockling, S.L. & Holbrook, G.P., 2003
is endoparasitoid host of internal mycelium of Harposporium anamorph Nematoctonus tylosporus - a nematode-trapping fungus (Agaricales: Pleurotaceae) UK/Ireland Duddington, C.L., 1951b
is predated by Protascus subuliformis - an oomycete (Myzocytiopsidales: Myzocytiopsidaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Duddington, C.L., 1946
is predated by superficial cleistothecium Pseudeurotium ovale - an ascomycete (Pseudeurotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1998
is predated by sticky network trap of Dactylaria anamorph Dactylaria psychrophila - a nematode-trapping fungus (Helotiales) UK/Ireland Duddington, C.L., 1951b
is predated by constricting ring trap of Arthrobotrys anamorph Arthrobotrys brochopaga - a nematophagous fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Duddington, C.L., 1951b
is predated by adhesive network trap of Arthrobotrys anamorph Arthrobotrys cladodes - an anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Glockling, S.L. & Yamada, F., 1997
is predated by colony of Arthrobotrys anamorph Arthrobotrys cladodes var. macroides - an anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
is predated by adhesive network trap of Arthrobotrys anamorph Arthrobotrys conoides - a nematode-trapping fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1998,
Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Duddington, C.L., 1951b
is predated by colony of Arthrobotrys anamorph Arthrobotrys dactyloides - an anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
is predated by conidial trap of Arthrobotrys anamorph Arthrobotrys dactyloides - an anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) Nordbring-Hertz, B., 2004 [a conidial trap is when a conidium germinates directly to form a network trap]
is predated by sticky loop trap of Arthrobotrys anamorph Arthrobotrys musiformis - a nematode-trapping anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Duddington, C.L., 1950
is predated by conidial trap of Arthrobotrys anamorph Arthrobotrys musiformis - a nematode-trapping anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) Nordbring-Hertz, B., 2004 [a conidial trap is when a conidium germinates directly to form a network trap]
is predated by adhesive network trap of Arthrobotrys anamorph Arthrobotrys oligospora - a nematode-trapping anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1998,
Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Nordbring-Hertz, B., 2004
is predated by conidial trap of Arthrobotrys anamorph Arthrobotrys oligospora - a nematode-trapping anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Nordbring-Hertz, B., 2004 [a conidial trap is when a conidium germinates directly to form a network trap]
is predated by three-dimensional adhesive network trap of Arthrobotrys anamorph Arthrobotrys robusta - an anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Duddington, C.L., 1951a
is predated by colony of Arthrobotrys anamorph Arthrobotrys scaphoides - an anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
is predated by adhesive loop trap of Arthrobotrys anamorph Arthrobotrys superba - an anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1998 [catches eelworms by adhesive loops and network],
Nordbring-Hertz, B., 2004,
Glockling, S.L. & Yamada, F., 1997
is predated by adhesive network trap of Arthrobotrys anamorph Arthrobotrys superba - an anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1998 [catches eelworms by adhesive loops and network],
Nordbring-Hertz, B., 2004,
Glockling, S.L. & Yamada, F., 1997
is predated by adhesive branch trap of Arthrobotrys anamorph Arthrobotrys superba - an anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) Nordbring-Hertz, B., 2004
is predated by conidial trap of Arthrobotrys anamorph Arthrobotrys superba - an anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) Nordbring-Hertz, B., 2004 [a conidial trap is when a conidium germinates directly to form a network trap]
is predated by sticky knob trap of Dactylella anamorph Dactylella asthenopaga - a nematophagous anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Duddington, C.L., 1951b
is predated by constricting ring trap Dactylella bembicoides - a nematode-trapping fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Duddington, C.L., 1946
is predated by sticky knob trap of Dactylella anamorph Dactylella cionopaga - a nematophagous anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Duddington, C.L., 1950
is predated by hyphal network trap of Dactylella anamorph Dactylella cionopaga - a nematophagous anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Duddington, C.L., 1950
is predated by constricting ring trap of Dactylella anamorph Dactylella heterospora - a nematode-trapping fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Duddington, C.L., 1951b
is predated by passive ring trap of Dactylella anamorph Dactylella leptospora - a nematophagous anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) Glockling, S.L. & Yamada, F., 1997
is predated by stalked knob trap of Dactylella anamorph Dactylella leptospora - a nematophagous anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) Glockling, S.L. & Yamada, F., 1997
is predated by sticky lobed branches trap, often forked and sometimes looped of Dactylella anamorph Dactylella lobata - a nematophagous anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
is predated by sticky knob of Dactylella anamorph Dactylella mammillata - an anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Dixon, S.M., 1952
is predated by three-dimensional adhesive network trap of Trichothecium anamorph Geniculifera cystosporia - a nematode-trapping fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Duddington, C.L., 1951a
is predated by constricting ring of Monacrosporium anamorph Monacrosporium doedycoides - a nematode-trapping fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Dixon, S.M., 1952
is predated by sticky, stalked knob trap of Dactylella anamorph Monacrosporium ellipsosporum - an anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Glockling, S.L. & Yamada, F., 1997,
Duddington, C.L., 1950
is predated by globose, adhesive one-celled branches of mycelium Monacrosporium parvicolle - an anamorphic fungus (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) UK/Ireland Cooke, R.C., 1967
is predated by Harposporium anamorph Harposporium helicoides - a nematode-trapping fungus (Hypocreales: Clavicipitaceae) UK/Ireland Dixon, S.M., 1952
is predated by Harposporium anamorph Harposporium lilliputanum - a nematode-trapping fungus (Hypocreales: Clavicipitaceae) UK/Ireland Dixon, S.M., 1952
is predated by sticky prehensile branch trap of Tridentaria anamorph Tridentaria implicans - a nematode-trapping fungus UK/Ireland Duddington, C.L., 1950
is predated by sticky hyphae trap of Acaulopage anamorph Acaulopage tetraceros - a nematode-trapping fungus (Zoopagales: Zoopagaceae) UK/Ireland Duddington, C.L., 1950
is predated by Cystopage lateralis - a pin mould (Zoopagales: Zoopagaceae) UK/Ireland Duddington, C.L., 1946
is predated by sticky hypha trap of Stylopage anamorph Stylopage rhynchospora - a nematode-trapping fungus (Zoopagales: Zoopagaceae) UK/Ireland Duddington, C.L., 1950
is predated by Zoopage thamnospira - a nematode and amoeba-trapping fungus (Zoopagales: Zoopagaceae) UK/Ireland Duddington, C.L., 1951b
spreads Strawberry Latent Ringspot virus - a phytopathogenic virus Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
spreads Tobacco Ringspot virus - a phytopathogenic virus Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
spreads Tomato Black Ring virus - Scottish Leaf-curl Disease Of Raspberries - causative organism Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
spreads Tomato Ringspot virus - a phytopathogenic virus Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998

Nematoda may be associated with more taxa listed at higher taxonomic level

ANIMALIA
(animals)

References

Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998 Pests, Diseases & Disorders of Garden Plants
Canter, H.M., 1953 Annotated list of British Aquatic Chytrids
Cooke, R.C., 1967 Drechslerella and some nematode-trapping species of Monacrosporium
Dennis, R.W.G., 1995 Fungi of the South East England
Dixon, S.M., 1952 Predacious fungi from rotten wood
Duddington, C.L., 1946 Predacious fungi in Britain
Duddington, C.L., 1950 Further records of British predacious fungi. I.
Duddington, C.L., 1951 Two new predacious Hyphomycetes
Duddington, C.L., 1951 Further records of British predacious fungi. II.
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1998 Microfungi on Miscellaneous Substrates: An Identification Handbook
Glockling, S.L. & Holbrook, G.P., 2003 Endoparasites of soil nematodes and rotifers 1: the common and the rare
Glockling, S.L. & Yamada, F., 1997 A survey of fungi which kill microscopic animals in the dung of the Amami rabbit
Nordbring-Hertz, B., 2004 Morphogenesis in the nematode-trapping fungus Arthrobotrys oligospora – an extensive plasticity of infection structures
Creative Commons Licence
Unless otherwise expressly stated, all original material on the BioInfo website by Malcolm Storey is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Licence.