BioInfo (UK)

TRACHEOPHYTA (vascular plants)

BioImages BioImages (www.bioimages.org.uk) has 21168 images of TRACHEOPHYTA (vascular plants)

NBN NBN (data.nbn.org.uk) has the UK distribution map of TRACHEOPHYTA (vascular plants)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Phylum)

Taxon Rank #subtaxa #refs #webs
CONIFEROPSIDA (a class of conifers) Class     1
GINKGOOPSIDA (maidenhair tree or ginkgo) Class 1 subtaxon 1 6
LYCOPODIOPSIDA (CLASS) (a class of unassigneds) Class 8 subtaxa 7 11
MAGNOLIOPSIDA (flowering plants) Class 2774 subtaxa 1121 38065
PINOPSIDA (conifers) Class 72 subtaxa 35 4036
(aquatic plants) (aquatic plants) Informal 46 subtaxa 48 342
(Ectomycorrhizal trees and shrubs) (ectomycorrhizal or ectotrophic mycorrhizal trees and shrubs) Informal 188 subtaxa 154 11440
(Endomycorrhizal plants) (plants that form endomycorrhiza) Informal 379 subtaxa 120 7671
(Endomycorrhizal trees and shrubs) (endomycorrhizal or endotrophic mycorrhizal trees and shrubs) Informal 378 subtaxa 119 7671
(Evergreen trees and shrubs) (evergreens) Informal 147 subtaxa 32 3607
(Trees) (broadleaved and coniferous trees) Informal 326 subtaxa 225 22419
(Trees and shrubs) (trees and shrubs, including conifers) Informal 731 subtaxa 270 23885
(Trees with bark of high pH) (basic-barked trees) Informal 12 subtaxa 9 1006
(Trees with bark of low pH) (acid-barked trees) Informal 42 subtaxa 31 4143
(Trees with bark of middle pH) (neutral-barked species, mesic-barked species) Informal 65 subtaxa 33 2895
(Trees with bark of pH 5.2-6.6) (slightly acid-barked trees) Informal 30 subtaxa 37 3348
(Trees with bark of pH down to 3.2) (most-acid-barked trees) Informal 31 subtaxa 14 1736
(Trees, shrubs, woody and climbing plants) (trees, shrubs, subshrubs and climbers, including conifers) Informal 909 subtaxa 315 25437

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Interactive Flora of NW Europe: http://ip30.eti.uva.nl/bis/Flora.php Interactive Flora of NW Europe
Photoflora: http://photoflora.free.fr Photoflora
UK Botany discussion group: http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/UKBotany/join UK Botany discussion group
Bentham, G. & Hooker, J.D., 1858 Handbook of the British flora
Blamey, M. & Fitter, R. & A., 2003 Wild Flowers of Britain and Ireland
British Ecological Society: Biological Flora Series: http://www.britishecologicalsociety.org/publications/journals/journal-of-ecology/biological-flora-of-the-british-isles/ British Ecological Society: Biological Flora Series
Butcher, R.W., 1961 A New Illustrated British Flora (2 vols)
Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. & Moore, D.M., 1985 Flora of the British Isles
Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. & Warburg, E.F., 1962 Flora of the British Isles
Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. & Warburg, E.F., 1968 Excursion of Flora of the British Isles
Coste, H., 1937 Flore descriptive et illustrée de la France et de la Corse et des contrées limitrophes
Keble Martin, W., 1965 The Concise British Flora in Colour
Mediterranean and Alpine flora: http://www.mittelmeerflora.de/ Mediterranean and Alpine flora
Flora-de: Flora von Deutschland: http://blumeninschwaben.de/index.htm Flora-de: Flora von Deutschland
Flora of Northern Ireland: http://www.habitas.org.uk/flora/index.html Flora of Northern Ireland
Rich, T.C.G. & Jermy, C., 1998 Plant Crib 1998
Rich, T.C.G. & Jermy, C., 2012 Plant Crib 2012
Rich, T.C.G. & M.D.B. & Perring, F.H., 1988 Plant Crib
Stace, C., 1997 New Flora of the British Isles (Ed 2)
Stace, C., 1999 Field Flora of the British Isles
Stace, C., 2010 New Flora of the British Isles (Ed 3)
Flora of NW Europe: http://wbd.etibioinformatics.nl/bis/chaetognatha.php Flora of NW Europe
Wiggington, M.J. & Graham, G.G., 1981 Guide to the Identification of some of the more Difficult Vascular Plant Species

Aquatic plants

Haslam S, Sinker, C., Wolseley, P., 1982 British Water Plants

Drawings

Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. & Warburg, E.F. (Roles, S.J. del), 1957 Flora of the British Isles: Illustrations
Clement, E.J., Smith, D.P.J. & Thirlwell, I.R., 2005 Illustrations of Alien Plants of the British Isles
Fitch, W.H. & Smith, W.G., 1949 Illustrations of the British Flora

Forensics

Petraco, N. & Kubic, T., 2003 Color Atlas and Manual of Microscopy for Criminalists, Chemists, and Conservators

Hybrids

Stace, C.A., 1975 Hybridization in the British Flora

Pollen

Beug, H-J, 2004 Leitfaden der Pollenbestimmung für Mitteleuropa und angrenzende Gebiete
Chandler, J. & Rennison, D., 2005 Pollen Identification for Beekeepers: an illustrated key to accompany Rex Sawyer's book
Faegri, K. & Iversen, J., 1989 Which Plant?: Identification Keys for the North-west European Pollen Flora (extracted from the Textbook of Pollen Analysis)
Faegri, K. & Iverson, J. & Krzywinski K., 2000 Textbook of Pollen Analysis
Moore, P.D., Webb, J.A. & Collinson, M.E., 1991 Pollen Analysis
Punt, W., Blackmore, S., Hoen, P. & Stafford, P. The Northwest European Pollen Flora
Wodehouse R., 1935 Pollen grains. Their structure, identification and significance in science and medicine

Seeds

www.seabean.com: http://www.seabean.com www.seabean.com
Digital Seed Atlas (Netherlands): http://www.seeds.eldoc.ub.rug.nl/root/ Digital Seed Atlas (Netherlands)

General Works

Ecological Flora of the British Isles: http://www.ecoflora.co.uk Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Pollenatlas: https://www.polleninfo.org/GB/en/allergy-infos/aerobiologics/pollen-atlas.html Pollenatlas
The Plant List: http://www.theplantlist.org/ The Plant List
Clement, E.J. & Foster, M.C., 1995 Alien Plants of the British Isles
Hill, M.O., Preston, C.D., & Roy, D.B., 2004 PLANTATT: Attributes of British and Irish Plants: Status, Size, Life History, Geography and Habitats
Jefferson, R., 2004 Insects and fleshy fruits
Lousley, J.E., 1951 The Study of the Distribution of British Plants
Lousley, J.E., 1953 The Changing Flora of Britain
National Plant Collections: http://www.nccpg.com/page.aspx?Page=05 National Plant Collections
Pearman, D.A., Preston, C.D. & Dines, T.D., 2002 The New Atlas of the British and Irish Flora
Preston, C.D., Pearman, D.A. & Dines, T.D. (eds), 2002 New Atlas of the British and Irish Flora
Ramsey, J. & Schemske, D.W., 1998 Pathways, mechanisms, and rates of polyploid formation in flowering plants
Hampshire Flora Group - Improvers’ Workshop 2009: Notes and Workbook: http://hantsplants.org.uk/articles.php Hampshire Flora Group - Improvers’ Workshop 2009: Notes and Workbook
Rodwell, J.S. (ed), 1991 British Plant Communities
Stroh, P.A. et al, 2014 A Vascular Plant Red List for England
Warburg, E.F., 1948 Cytology and critical groups
Wilmott, A.J., 1948 Intraspecific categories of variation

Aquatic species

Checklist of submerged and floating aquatic plants: http://www.wildlifebcnp.org/ecology-resources.htm Checklist of submerged and floating aquatic plants

Code

Brickell, C.D. et al. (eds), 2009 International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants
Weber, H.E., Moravec, J. & Theurillat, J.-P., 2000 International Code of Phytosociological Nomenclature

Computers

Lebbe, J., Nilsson, S., Praglowski, J., Vignes, R. & Hideux, M., 1987 A microcomputer-aided method for identification of airborne pollen grains and spores

Conservation

Aliens/Control
RPS Ecoscope Applied Ecologists, 2006 Strategic control of non-native invasive aquatic plants
tools
Leach, S.J. & Rusbridge, D.J., 2006 A tool for assessing the current conservation status of vascular plants on SSSIs in England: May 2006

Endemics

Rich, T., Hutchinson, G., Randall, R. & Ellis, R.G., 1999 List of plants endemic to the British Isles

Forensics

Coyle, H.M., 2004 Forensic Botany: Principles and Applications to Criminal Casework

Garden plants

RHS Gardening For All: http://www.rhs.org.uk/index.asp (Garden plants and their associated species) RHS Gardening For All

Journals

British Wildlife Journal
Flora Journal
Hoppea, Denkschriften der Regensburgischen Botanischen Gesellschaft (Hoppea, Denkschr. Regensb. Bot. Ges.) Journal
Journal of Botany Journal
New Phytologist Journal
Plant Ecology Journal
Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology Journal
Annals of Botany (Ann Bot) Journal
BSBI News Journal
New Journal of Botany Journal
Proceedings of the BSBI Journal
Watsonia Journal
Hanburyana Journal
Palynology
Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology Journal
Plant galls
Cecidology Journal
Plant pathology
British Leafminers Journal
Phytopathology Journal
Plant Pathology Journal
Plant Pathology Online Journal
Plant Protection News Journal
That Plant's Odd Journal
New Disease Reports Journal
CMI Descriptions of Pathenogenic Fungi and Bacteria Journal
Plant Clinic News Journal
Regional
Botanical Journal of Scotland Journal

Latin names

Gledhill, D., 1985 The Names of Plants

Legal

Patents on plants: http://www.patentgenius.com/class/PLT.html Patents on plants

Microscopy

Marson, J.E., 1983 Practical Microscopy

Mycorrhiza

Taylor, A.S. & Alexander, I., 2005 The ectomycorrhizal symbiosis: life in the real world

Mycorrhizas

Amijee, F., 1989 Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas: an ubiquitous symbiosis between fungi and roots of vascular plants

Nature conservation

Cheffings, C.M. & Farrell, L. (eds), 2005 The Vascular Plant Red Data List for Great Britain
FRDBI Hosts: http://www.fieldmycology.net/FRDBI/assoc.asp FRDBI Hosts
McHaffie, H.S., 2005 An Introduction to Re-Introduction
Preston, C.D., 2004 Should Conservationists continue to ignore plant hybrids?
Smith, R.M. & Roy, D.B., 2008 (Associated insects) Revealing the foundations of biodiversity
Database of British Insects and Their Foodplants (DBIF): http://www.brc.ac.uk/dbif Database of British Insects and Their Foodplants (DBIF)

Phytosanitation

Sæthre, M.-G., Staverløkk, A. & Hågvar, E. B. Stowaways in horticultural plants imported from the Netherlands, Germany and Denmark

Plant pathology

HYP3: Species - Crop diseases: http://www.inra.fr/internet/Produits/HYP3/species.htm HYP3: Species - Crop diseases
HYPPZ: Species - Crop pests: http://www.inra.fr/internet/Produits/HYPPZ/species.htm HYPPZ: Species - Crop pests
Netherlands Plant Protection Service - pest reports: http://www.vwa.nl/onderwerpen/english/dossier/pest-reporting/pest-reports Netherlands Plant Protection Service - pest reports
Anderson, R.V. & Mulvey, R.H., 1979 Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Canada
Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998 Pests, Diseases & Disorders of Garden Plants
Bullock, J.A., 1992 Host Plants of British Beetles: A List of Recorded Associations
DEFRA Plant Health - Pests and Diseases: http://www.defra.gov.uk/planth/pests.htm DEFRA Plant Health - Pests and Diseases
Fungal databases - Fungus-Host Distributions: http://nt.ars-grin.gov/fungaldatabases/fungushost/FungusHost.cfm Fungal databases - Fungus-Host Distributions
Phytopathology.net: http://www.phytopathology.net Phytopathology.net
Holliday, P., 1990 A Dictionary of Plant Pathology
Ingram, D. & Robertson, N. Plant Disease: A Natural History
Redfern, M. & Shirley, P., 2002 British Plant Galls - Identification of galls on plants and fungi
Redfern, M. & Shirley, P., 2011 British Plant Galls
Richardson, M.J., 1979 An Annotated list of Seed-borne Diseases
National Plant Diagnostic Network Microfungi Workshop Manual National Plant Diagnostic Network Microfungi Workshop Manual
Southey, J.F. (ed), 1965 Plant Nematology
Fungi
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 Microfungi on Land Plants: An Identification Handbook
Grove, W.B., 1913 The British Rust Fungi (Uredinales)
Henderson, D.M., 2000 A Checklist of the Rust Fungi of the British Isles
Henderson, D.M., 2004 The Rust Fungi of the British Isles: A Guide to Identification by their Host Plants
Moore, W.C., 1959 British Parasitic Fungi
Preece, T.F., 1996 Downy Mildews, Powdery Mildews, Smuts & Rusts
Wilson, M., & Henderson, D., 1966 British Rust Fungi
Leaf-miners
British Leafminers: http://www.leafmines.co.uk/ British Leafminers
UK Leafminers discussion group: http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/ukleafminers/join UK Leafminers discussion group
György Csóka, 2003 Levélaknák és Levélaknázók - Leaf Mines and Leaf Miners
The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects: http://www.ukflymines.co.uk The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
Robbins, R., 1990 A Provisional Atlas of The Leaf Miners of Warwickshire, with notes on others occurring in the Midlands
Plant galls
British Galls: http://uk.groups.yahoo.com/group/british_galls/join British Galls
British Plant Gall Society: http://www.british-galls.org.uk British Plant Gall Society
Plantengallen: http://www.plantengallen.com/engels.htm Plantengallen
PLANTGALLEN.COM - De site voor plantengallen bestuderend Nederland
: http://www.plantengallen.com/
PLANTGALLEN.COM - De site voor plantengallen bestuderend Nederland
Pflanzengallen: http://www.pflanzengallen.de Pflanzengallen
Connold, E.T., 1901 British vegetable galls, an introduction to their study
Darlington, A., 1968 A Pocket Encyclopedia of Plant Galls in colour
Houard, C., 1908 Les zoocécidies des plantes d'Europe et du bassin de la Méditerranée: Description des galles
Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986 Provisional Keys to British Plant Galls
Williams, M.A.J., 1994 Plant Galls
Viruses
Plant Viruses Online : Index to Host Families: http://www.agls.uidaho.edu/ebi/vdie/famindex.htm Plant Viruses Online : Index to Host Families

Pollen

Anon, 1998 An Alternative Method of Collecting and Staining Pollen
Halbritter, H., Weber, M., Zetter, R., Frosch-Radivo, A., Buchner, R. & Hesse, M, 2010 PalDat Illustrated Handbook on Pollen Terminology
PalDat Palynological Database: http://www.paldat.org/term.php PalDat Palynological Database
White, J., 1999 Pollen, its collection and preparation for the microscope
Wodehouse R., 1928 The phylogenetic value of pollen grain characters

Regional studies

The Flora of Derbyshire: http://www.derby.gov.uk/dccwebdev/museum/flora/flora.aspx?gotopage=home The Flora of Derbyshire

Statutory

Protected species
Leach, S.J. & Rusbridge, D.J., 2006 A tool for assessing the current conservation status of vascular plants on SSSIs in England: May 2006

TRACHEOPHYTA may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
PLANTAE
(plants)

Feeding and other inter-species relationships

Associated with TRACHEOPHYTA:

Tracheophyta may be associated with more taxa listed at higher taxonomic level

PLANTAE
(plants)

References

Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959 Land and Water Bugs of the British Isles
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